Friday, March 13, 2020
The elite essays The strongest arguments for this statement are that about 10% of people own 90% of the wealth in the US, as the definition of elitism states The view that the United States is essentially run by a tiny elite (composed of wealthy or well-connected individuals ) who control public policy through both direct and indirect means.Another strong argument is that why do only rich persons get nominated or even have a chance to hold a high political position, you never see a person that doesnt have a lot of money running for president or if you do they will eventually drop out because of lack of funds, this proves again that money is the answer for everything. I agree with the statement because its true that our government only represents the rich and well connected rather than the poor and needy, our government rarely looks out for the poor. Instead of giving tax breaks to the poor, our government makes the rich richer and the poor poorer. Well, its obvious that the government is going to h elp out the rich first because they are the ones that help them get elected and once there in office they feel obligated to pay them back however they can and without thinking about anyone but their own well being. One good example that our government represents the privileged few rather than the needy many were in the 2000 presidential elections. If George W. Bush had not been the son of a former president and the brother of the governor of Florida, there is no way he would be our president. Since former presidents get to know a lot of people and help many of them when they need help it is often given to them by the people they helped in the past. I think the laws should be changed so that everyone has an equal opportunity of achieving success, regardless of how much money they have or whom they know and instead it should be on the basis of how capable they are of the job and their level of knowledge, this wa ...
Tuesday, February 25, 2020
Personal Statement Example I joined the National Academy of Public Administration in Viet Nam for a Bachelor of Public Administration in 2006 to help attain this dream. In the same year, i undertook a course in computer programs to help sharpen my computer skills. It was during this period that my communication skill, interpersonal skills and research skills were enhanced. I learned to conduct research, train new comers, solve office and technical problems as well as organize for volunteer activities. This greatly exposed me to both the internal and external environment thus helping me adapt and manage the pressure from both. Not only that, it equipped me with good interpersonal skills and helped me to integrate with people from all over the world, thus I learned to appreciate the various cultures and practices. I gained various honors and prizes that helped me to venture in various activities like in martial arts and in research. I was the class president, which equipped me with leadership skills. La ter, I joined Texas A&M University Ã¢â¬â Corpus Christi, U.S for a Master of Business Administration and Master of Accountancy to increase my knowledge. The campus is great and through it am improving greatly I now chair the organization for Viet Nam students and take part in research. My intent is to reach higher goals and attain good grades and so set an example to the rest of my peers. It is for this reason that I seek to study in your campus under the scholarship program as it will not only fulfill this dream, but it is also better equipped with the right material for my course. The scholarship will fulfill my dream of a better campus besides providing a good and conducive environment to better my career. I hope that my request will be
Sunday, February 9, 2020
The Katrina response and relief efforts - Essay Example There are several cases illustrating failure to respond effectively to mitigate the damages to life and limb of Hurricane Katrina. New Orleans was poverty stricken and at least 120,000 people where without mobility. The mandatory evacuation issued on August 28 by the local officials also made no provisions for helping in evacuating the homeless, sick, carless, elderly, infirm and low-income residents. New Orleans disaster plan called for the mayor to make use of the city school buses to evacuate residents unable to leave on their own but the city never deployed the buses and was subsequently destroyed in the flooding. Amtrak also ran a special schedule to move equipment out of the city but the government declined to take the offer of this agency to take several hundred passengers instead of the scheduled equipment. Evacuees were sent to Louisiana Superdome but the large multitude of refugees was more than overwhelming to volunteers. There were not enough provisions for food, clothing and medicine. While the Federal Emergency Management Agency did indeed provide supplies, the unexpected number of evacuees rapidly depleted the provisions. (Nates & Moyer, 2005) There was visibly an ineffective mechanism in coordinating and managing the evacuation process as the governing agencies failed to respond and implement the provisions in the disaster plan that was available to them. 2)Discuss the reasons why the examples you cited above were or were not successful. Comment specifically on whether you believe that the organizational structure at the City of New Orleans, State of Louisiana, and the Federal government was adequate, including communications, command, and control. (Please refer to the Organization Structure for... Hurricane Camille which battered Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama already demonstrated the vulnerability as did the documentary made by the National Geographic in October 2004 and Scientific American in 2001. What is profound is that when we review other articles, we find one common thread and that is the fact that the disaster was expected though many people did not give enough attention to what mechanisms should be installedHurricane Katrina revealed several interesting individual and community behavior during and after the occurrence of disasters. While many articles were concerned on race and looting issues, it was found that social networks play an important role during the fight to survive the disaster. According to a combined study from the University of Alabama and University of California, it was found that decision-making processes are greatly influenced by social networking. In a survey of 116 evacuees, it was found that it was the social networks that greatly influenced the respondentÃ¢â¬â¢s evacuation and planning activities. The role of the media was found to be less important as what many people perceive. Interviewed evacuees state that they became more aware of the severity of the situation as word spread through their social circles. Friends, classmates, neighbors and other acquaintances who gave them information enabled them to prepare more than what they would have from the information they get from radio and television.
Thursday, January 30, 2020
Ethics In Education Essay Abstract Education has ever been considered as one of the strongest foundations for any civilized society. The success of any Nation is largely attributed the way in which education system is built up. There is growing importance the world over these days to incorporate importance of ethical standards in education. Ethical standards in education contain basic principles, procedures and behavior patterns based on commitment to core values that are deeply rooted in education. An ethical education will pave a way to uplift educational standards which in turn will instill right values among students who will certainly create landmark in their career as well as life. ETHICS IN EDUCATION The Concept Of Ethics The definition of ethics is shaped by personal, societal and professional values, all of which are difficult to specify. Some stress the importance of societyÃ¢â¬â¢s interests and others stress the interests of the individual. These conflicting viewpoints have dominated the discussion of ethics for a long time and may remain in the future as well. Thus, the term Ã¢â¬ËethicsÃ¢â¬â¢ will have to be defined in this context. The word Ã¢â¬ËethicsÃ¢â¬â¢ is derived from the Greek word Ã¢â¬ËethosÃ¢â¬â¢ (character) and Latin word Ã¢â¬ËmorasÃ¢â¬â¢ (customs). Taken together these two words define how individuals choose to interact with one another. Thus, ethics is about choices. It signifies how people act in order to make the Ã¢â¬ËrightÃ¢â¬â¢ choice and produce Ã¢â¬ËgoodÃ¢â¬â¢ behavior. It encompasses the examination of principles, values and norms, the consideration of available choices to make the right decision and the strength of character to act in accordance with the decision. Hence, ethics, as a practical discipline, demands the acquisition of moral knowledge and the skills to properly apply such knowledge to the problems of daily life. Philosophical Theories of Ethics Decision making based on intuition or personal feeling does not always lead to the right course of action. Therefore, ethical decision making requires a criterion to ensure good judgment. The philosophical theories of ethics provide different and distinct criteria for good, right or moral judgment. Three prominent philosophical theories of ethics are utilitarianism, rights and justice. They are normative theories of ethics, which provide a principle or standard on how a person ought to behave towards others by considering the right and wrong of an action. These normative theories are divided into two broad classifications, consequential and non-consequential. Consequential theories define Ã¢â¬ËgoodÃ¢â¬â¢ in terms of its consequences, and a best known example is theory of utilitarianism. In contrast, non-consequential theories define Ã¢â¬ËgoodÃ¢â¬â¢ not by its consequences but by its intrinsic value and the best known examples are the rights and justice theories. These theories are described below. (a) The theory of utilitarianism According to this theory, the ethical alternative is the one that maximises good consequences over bad consequences. Jeremy Bentham, who is considered as the father of utilitarian ethics, defines utilitarianism as the greatest happiness principle (the principle of utility), which measures good and bad consequences in terms of happiness and pain. He wrote as follows in his book Ã¢â¬ËAn Introduction to the Principles of Morals and LegislationÃ¢â¬â¢: Nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure. It is for them alone to point out what we ought to do, as well as to determine what we shall do. On the one hand the standard of right and wrong, chain of causes and effects, are fastened to their throne. They govern us in all we do, in all we say, in all we think. The terms Ã¢â¬ËhappinessÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËpainÃ¢â¬â¢ have broad meaning and encompass all aspects of human welfare, including pleasure and sadness, health and sickness, satisfaction and disappointment, positive and negative emotions, achievement and failure and knowledge and ignorance. Applying the utilitarian principle is a procedural process involving five steps: (1) Define the problem; (2) Identify the stakeholders affected by the problem; (3) List the alternative courses of action for resolving the problem; (4) Identify and calculate the short- and long- term costs and benefits (pain and happiness) for each alternative course of action and (5) Select the course of action that yields greatest sum of benefits over costs for the greatest number of people. Thus, ethical conduct by accountants based on this theory leads to consideration of all possible consequences of a decision for all parties affected by it. This theory takes a pragmatic and common sense approach to ethics. Actions are right to the extent that they benefit people (i.e. actions, which produce more benefit than harm are right and those that do not are wrong). Thus, the cognitive process required for utilitarian decision making appears similar to the cost-benefit analysis that is normally applied in business decisions. However, there are important distinctions between the two concepts in relation to the nature of consequences, the measurability of the consequences and stakeholder analysis. (b) The theory of rights The theory of rights stems from the belief that people have an inherent worth as human beings that must be respected. Therefore, according to this theory, a good decision is one that respects the rights of others. Conversely, a decision is wrong to the extent that it violates another personÃ¢â¬â¢s rights. In general, the rights can be divided into two categories: (1) natural rights (rights that exist independently of any legal structure) and (2) Legal rights and contractual rights (rights that are created by social agreement). The natural rights are commonly known as human rights or constitutional rights. Among many natural rights, the right to the truth is important to the function of accounting. The users of financial statements have the right to truthful and accurate financial information when making choices on alternative investment strategies. This right imposes a moral obligation on the accountant and the reporting entity to prepare and issue, true and fair financial statements. On the other hand, legal and contractual rights are important in the accountant-employer and the accountant-client relationships. These contractual relationships mean that employers and clients have a legal right to expect professional and competent service from the accountants. In turn, the accountants have a corresponding legal duty to perform their tasks to the best of their ability within the constraints of their expertise. (c) The theory of justice Understanding this theory requires understanding various notions of justice. Generally, justice is described as fairness, which refers to the correlation between contribution and reward. However, fairness alone cannot define the term justice. There are also other forms of justice, which include equality (assumes that all people have equal worth), procedural justice (concerns with due process) and compensatory justice (addressed the loss from a wrongful act). However, a comprehensive theory incorporating these various domains of justice has yet to be developed. Thus, the focus of this paper is on the theory of justice, which is based on the principle of distributive justice. It focuses on how fairly oneÃ¢â¬â¢s decisions distribute benefits and burdens among members of the group. Unjust distribution of benefits and burdens is an unjust act and an unjust act is a morally wrong act. Hence, under this theory, an ethical decision is one that produces the fairest overall distribution of b enefits and burdens. Ethics In Education Basically there are three parties involved in ethical education system namely students, teachers and administrators. Teacher, being the most important facet of ethical education, is the torch bearer to the change the whole scenario of education system. He is the one who could exemplify his ethical behavior in front of students. Students most of the time learn their behavior from their teachers. Right approach of teacher to teach the students inside the class room will make ever lasting impact on the minds of students. It goes without saying that the principle of ethical conduct lie at the core of teaching profession. The whole society can be remolded by administering ethical practices. Secondly, the responsibility for promoting ethics in higher education lies with the leadership of colleges and universities. Like most efforts at organizational change, the energy, financing, and inspiration must start at the top and must anticipate and verbalize a long term commitment to ethical goals . Ã¢â¬Å"Bottom-upÃ¢â¬ schemes for change are seldom successful since they lack the organizational influence to create a sustained, well supported plan of action. Ethics issues permeate every aspect of university life from admissions to the classroom, from hiring to curriculum development and from research to the athletic field. To alter the ethics culture in an institution of higher education (or any organization) requires the highest level of commitment and realistic consequences for deviations. (a) Verbal and written commitment of the university president/chancellor, board of trustees, alumni association, faculty and staff to the implementation of an ethics plan of action; (b) Verbal and written commitment of departments heads overseeing student recruiting and admissions policy to an ethics plan of action for their areas of concern. Some possible action items might include advertising that the student body is governed by a Ã¢â¬Å"honor codeÃ¢â¬ , the violation of which could lead to disenrollment. The hallmark of the admissions policy would focus on the ethical selection of students to include cultural difference, gender and racial equalities, socio-economic factors, as well as, academic excellence. (c) Faculty hiring guidelines that would include a thorough Ã¢â¬Å"vettingÃ¢â¬ of the applicantÃ¢â¬â¢s qualifications and background as well as a written commitment by the applicant to fully support the ethics initiative; (d) Faculty members to commit to and undertake curriculum revisions that would include the ethical aspects of their particular discipline; (e) Students to commit to a dormitory, fraternity/sorority, off-campus life-style code ethics; (f) Faculty members to commit to ethical guidelines for the research into the publication of scholarly materials; (g) Faculty members to commit to a faculty-faculty, faculty-student ethical relationships guideline. Lastly, students are also expected to contribute maximally by behaving honestly to their work, duties and responsibilities. They should never restore to any malpractices during examination or any class work. Conclusion The writer has reviewed just a fraction of the literature available on the subject of ethics in the workplace. The literature for the most part, supports the notion that the ethical behavior is good, that ethical behavior is needed in the workplace, and that progress is possible in raising men and women above their more prurient interests. Based on the writerÃ¢â¬â¢s experience and discussions with university leaders, however, the notion of total commitment by all stakeholders as outlined in the sample plan is probably unlikely. Cries of academic freedom, unreasonable restraints and loss of flexibility would be echoed from the Ã¢â¬Å"bell towersÃ¢â¬ of academia in spite of the intrinsic Ã¢â¬Å"goodÃ¢â¬ intentions of the plan. All this does not augur well for the Ã¢â¬Å"fast trackÃ¢â¬ implementation of ethics at the university level or in the workplace. Instead, progress in changing individuals towards a more ethical vision of their personal and professional life will be a p lodding effort, characterized by small successes and small failures for a long time into the future. References American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (2010). The Code of Professional Conduct. Retrievedfromhttp://www.aicpa.org/research/standards/codeofconduct/downloadabledocuments/2010june1codeofprofessionalconduct.pdf Audi, R. (2007). Can utilitarianism be distributive? Maximization and distribution as criteria in managerial decisions. Business Ethics Quarterly, 17(4), 593-611. Baiman, S. Lewis, B. (1989). An experiment testing the behavioral equivalence ofstrategically equivalent employment contracts. Journal of Accounting Research, (27)1, 1-20. Bazerman, M.H. Banaji, M.R. (2004). The social psychology of ordinary ethical failures. Social Justice Research, 17, 111-15. Bentham, J. (1843). The works of Jeremy Bentham. Edinburgh, Scotland: John Bowring. Bird, F.B. Walters, J.A. (1989). Moral muteness. Californian Management Review, 73-88. Brenkert, G.G. (2010). The limits and prospects of business ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly, 20(4), 703-9. Burton, B.K. Goldsby, M.G. (2009) . The moral floor: A philosophical examination of the connection between ethics and business. Journal of Business Ethics, 91, 145-54. Caldwell, C. Clapham, S. (2003). Organizational trustworthiness: An internationalperspective. Journal of Business Ethics, 47(4), 349-64. Caldwell, C., Hayes, L.A., Long, D.T. (2010). Leadership, trustworthiness, and ethical stewardship. Journal of Business Ethics, 96(4), 497-512. ETHICS IN ACCOUNTING 30 Caldwell, C. Karri, R. (2005). Organizational governance and ethical systems: A covenantal approach to building trust. Journal of Business Ethics, 58(1), 249-59. Calhoun, C. (1995). Standing for something. The Journal of Philosophy, 92(5), 235-60. Carlopio, J. (2002). The best articles about leadership from the last ten years. BOSS Financial Review, 71-4.
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Catch-22 by Joseph Heller is an interesting novel in the fact that throughout the entire novel the plot seems to go nowhere. It just seems to be a bunch of events strung together through the main character Yossarian. These events, however powerful, donÃ¢â¬â¢t seem to lead to much of a point, until the reader finishes. Then, out of nowhere, comes the meaning behind the book. Heller does a great job of ending the book. By having Yossarian run away the meaning of the book is set in stone. Catch-22 is a novel which discusses the fact that the importance or value of one thing to one person, could be completely different to another, like in the cases of selling goods over human life with ex-P.F.C. Wintergreen, Milo Minderbinder with his wheeling and dealing and Doc Daneeka and his description of what it takes to get home. Each character in the novel seems to have a certain way in which they judge their power, importance, worth and/or duty. Throughout the entire book, the only character that resembles someone with good opinions of himself is Yossarian. He appears to be the only character that realizes the insignificance the war effort is because almost all the people in the novel are fighting for the wrong reason. He says, Ã¢â¬Å"Am I supposed to get my ass shot off just because the colonel wants to be a general?Ã¢â¬ . Other characters, like ex-P.F.C. Wintergreen respond to questions with answer that seem to make no sense. In the case where Yossarian is requesting that Wintergreen get them off the flight to Bologna because they will probably die, Wintergreen comes back with the unbelievable answer Ã¢â¬Å"Then youÃ¢â¬â¢ll have to be killed. ...if your destined to be killed over bologna, then youÃ¢â¬â¢re going to be killed, so you might just as well go out and die like a man. I hate to say this, Yossarian, but youÃ¢â¬â¢re turning into a chronic complainerÃ¢â¬ . The importance of life is gone. Ex-P.F.C. Wintergreen is more concerned about peddling his goods throughout the war then he is about the life of a friend. Another strange character in the story was Milo Minderbinder. The person originally brought in to run the mess hall, who later had his own business, M & M Enterprises, in which he traded things in order to gain stuff for himself. He collected stuff, like art and sculptures, that would be really valuable after the war. The only problem with this, is that it got to the point that he would trade things valuable to the
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
Sunday, January 5, 2020
English 131 W October 7, 2017 Assignment 2:Rhetorical Analysis From August 30 to September 16, 1995, the global highlightwas China, where thousands of women gathered to attend two significant events: The 1995 NGO Forum on Women and the U.N. Fourth World Conference on Women.Approximately 31,000 women from more than 200 countries attended the nongovernmental organization forum, compelled by the need to join the fast-growing, worldwide network of women who were determined to achieve equality, development, and peace. In the NGO Forum, UN fourth World conference on women in Huairou, Beijing, PROC, the primitive women present had come together to draft a declaration to claim their own rights, so called Ã¢â¬Å"Beijing Declaration of IndigenousÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Moreover, in the later part of the declaration, when they do their proposals and demands, for multiple times, they mention their target audience. One of their most important readers, the Ã¢â¬Å"governmentÃ¢â¬ , is mentioned many times in the article. Like when they sayÃ¢â¬Å"We de mand that the international community and governments recognize and respect our rights to our territoriesÃ¢â¬ (Beijing Declaration of Indigenous Women, 22), and when they declare Ã¢â¬Å"We urge the governments who are opening up out territories to foreign investors especially to mining corporations, to respect these rights.Ã¢â¬ (Beijing Declaration of Indigenous Women, 23), they always emphasize the word Ã¢â¬Å"governmentÃ¢â¬ , which accurately locks their audience with the group related to official departments, say government, international organizations, the United Nations, and so on. They to some extent ignore the public, the teenagers, the elders, the people outside the indigenous group and have mere interest in acknowledging this issue solely to the government. They are not intending to persuade everybody, only calling the government to take actions to satisfy indigenous peoplesÃ¢â¬â¢ demands. Secondly, because of the special audience they have, their language style i s also distinctive. The tone of the article is official and serious due to the situation of being present in a worldwide famous conference in Beijing. The style is best defined by their special rhetorical dictions,Show MoreRelatedOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words Ã |Ã 656 PagesHartman Strom, Political Woman: Florence Luscomb and the Legacy of Radical Reform Michael Adas, ed., Agricultural and Pastoral Societies in Ancient and Classical History Jack Metzgar, Striking Steel: Solidarity Remembered Janis Appier, Policing Women: The Sexual Politics of Law Enforcement and the LAPD Allen Hunter, ed., Rethinking the Cold War Eric Foner, ed., The New American History. Revised and Expanded Edition E SSAYS ON _ T WENTIETH- C ENTURY H ISTORY Edited by MichaelRead MoreOrganisational Theory230255 Words Ã |Ã 922 Pagestheory focuses attention on the human issues in organization Ã¢â¬ËThere is nothing so practical as a good theoryÃ¢â¬â¢ How Roethlisberger developed a Ã¢â¬ËpracticalÃ¢â¬â¢ organization theory Column 1: The core contributing social sciences Column 2: The techniques for analysis Column 3: The neo-modernist perspective Column 4: Contributions to business and management Four combinations of science, scientific technique and the neo-modernist approach reach different parts of the organization Level 1: Developing the organization